法學期刊.
  • 社群分享
論著名稱: 深度偽造影音及其刑法規制(A Preliminary Study on Criminal Regulation of Deepfakes)
編著譯者: 許恒達
出版日期: 2022.01
刊登出處: 台灣/法學叢刊第 67 卷 第 1 期 /1-29 頁
頁  數: 29 點閱次數: 281
下載點數: 116 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 法學叢刊雜誌社
關 鍵 詞: 深度偽造技術深偽色情影音個人形象一般人格權名譽法益
中文摘要: 深度偽造(deepfakes)的電腦技術透過人工智慧模擬他人臉部動作,製造特定人說話或動作的影音圖像,近期因遭到濫用於色情影片換臉以及假造政治人物發言,相關事例引發增訂刑事規制的強烈呼聲。本文旨在討論深度偽造影音的刑事立法應對。本文認為:現行刑事立法本來就可以合理應對其法益侵害,無須獨立設定條文處罰,但若此項作法無法符合政治面的需求,或可考慮選擇對於「散布具色情意味的深偽影音」設立獨立規範,但不對其他無關色情的深偽影音,例如政治、選舉或國安處型再加入其他新設構成要件,而新訂立法應僅處罰散布深偽色情影音的行為,其法益屬性應是保護一般人格權延伸的個人形象,立法者應將其置於刑法妨害秘密罪章,並修訂章名為「妨害秘密、隱私及重要人格利益」,亦即增訂散布深偽色情影音,導致被害人減損個人形象,從而影響其人格權的新增構成要件。
英文關鍵詞: Deepfake TechnologyDeepfake PornographyPersonal ImageLegal Interest in PersonalityLegal Interest in Personal Reputation
英文摘要: Recent incidents involving the use of deepfake technology in the production of deepfake pornography and political deepfakes have prompted calls for the criminal regulation of the technology. This Article discusses the criminal legislative response to the abuse of deepfake technologies. It argues first and foremost that existing articles in the Criminal Code provides a sufficient and reasonable response to the abuse of deepfake technologies, and therefore, further criminalization should be avoided altogether. In the event that further criminalization is deemed inevitable under political pressure, legislative response should focus on the distribution of deepfake pornography exclusively. Political deepfakes must not fall under the orbit of criminal law. Under this compromising stance, the criminal regulation against distribution of deepfake pornography aims to protect the personal image of a person, which is guaranteed as an aspect of the general personality right. The regulation shall prohibit any act of distributing deepfake pornographic materials that tarnishes the personal image of a person and infringes upon his/her general personality right, and should be placed under the chapter of Offenses Against Privacy and Personality in the Criminal Code.
目  次: 壹、導論
貳、深度偽造(Deepfakes)的概念與類型
參、現行刑法規範
肆、借鏡德國法制
伍、增修我國刑法規範的需求?
陸、結論
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
    相關論著:
    返回功能列