法學期刊.
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論著名稱: 黨產條例合憲性爭議再探:以釋字第 793 號為中心(Reevaluation of the Dispute over the Constitutionality of the Act Governing the Settlement of Ill-gotten Properties by Political Parties and Their Affiliate Organizations: Centering on Interpretation No. 793)
編著譯者: 陳信安
出版日期: 2022.03
刊登出處: 台灣/國立臺灣大學法學論叢第 51 卷 第 1 期 /67-137 頁
頁  數: 71 點閱次數: 149
下載點數: 284 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 國立臺灣大學法律學院
關 鍵 詞: 轉型正義黨產條例憲法保留個案立法法律不溯及既往
中文摘要: 隨著釋字第 793 號解釋之作成,爭議多時之「政黨及其附隨組織不當取得財產處理條例」,至少部分規定之合憲性已經大法官肯認。即便如此,我國憲法學理,乃至於相關政黨及附隨組織對該等部分規定及該號解釋之討論,甚或是批判仍方興未艾。本文即以該等部分規定及本號解釋為探究之對象,一方面依序對於所涉及之國家是否有以調查及處理不當取得財產之方式推行並落實轉型正義之憲法義務、不當取得之財產是否亦屬憲法財產權之保障範圍,以及該條例是否違反憲法保留、個案立法禁止,乃至於法律不溯及既往等原則之問題,嘗試由憲法學理及德國法之觀點進行分析,另一方面並將對本號解釋之相關論證內容進行評析。期望藉此而有助於深化與轉型正義相關之憲法對話。
英文關鍵詞: transitional justiceThe Act Governing the Settlement of Ill-gotten Properties by Political Parties and Their Affiliate OrganizationsVerfassungsvorbehaltEinzelfallgesetzthe principle of prohibition against retroactive law
英文摘要: As Interpretation No. 793 was released, the dispute over whether the Act Governing the Settlement of Ill-gotten Properties by Political Parties and Their Affiliate Organizations (hereinafter referring to as "the Act") is in line with the constitution may have been temporarily appeased. Interpretation No. 793 has confirmed that Article 2, Article 4 Paragraphs 1 and 2, Article 8 Paragraph 5, and Article 14 of the Act are in line with the constitution. However, Verfassungsvorbehalt and Verbot des Einzelfallgesetzes became the center of dispute after the Act was regulated. Although Interpretation No. 793 covers them, perhaps restricted by the form of explanation, it cannot adequately address these issues like an academic research. Therefore, further discussion is necessary. This paper devoted a major part of its space to these issues. In addition, because the Act also involves the investigation and handling of the ill-gotten party assets of political parties and their affiliated organizations from the past to realize transitional justice, it is necessary to first analyze how it should be assessed according to the constitution. Specifically, whether a country has the constitutional obligation to use this method to promote and realize transitional justice as well as whether those ill-gotten party assets are within the protection of property rights under the constitution. Moreover, because the Act involves the investigation and handling of ill-gotten party assets of political parties and their affiliated organizations during the authoritarian period when there was no clear distinction between party and state, it may violate the principle of prohibition against retroactive law. Hence, it is necessary to probe into this issue, and the discussion was included in this paper. Also, this paper analyzed and evaluated relevant argument content of Interpretation No. 793. It is hope that this study is conducive to the conversation between the constitution and transitional justice.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、國家調查及處理不當取得財產之憲法義務
一、國家推行轉型正義之憲法義務
二、政黨不當取得財產之調查及處理作為轉型正義之一環
參、不當取得之財產與財產權保障
一、憲法保障依據之探求
二、政黨所受之財產權保障程度
三、不當取得之財產亦受財產權保障?
肆、黨產條例與憲法保留
一、聲請人關於憲法保留之主張
二、我國釋憲實務及學理關於憲法保留之見解
三、本文見解
伍、黨產條例與個案立法
一、我國學理見解之分析
二、本號解釋以前之釋憲實務見解分析
三、比較法之觀察:德國基本法第 19 條第 1 項第 1 句規定
四、黨產條例之個案立法及合憲性爭議
陸、黨產條例與法律不溯及既往
一、系爭規定五後段部分
二、調查及處理不當取得財產部分
柒、結論
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