法學期刊
  • 社群分享
論著名稱:
刑法第一百四十條侮辱公務員及公署罪之保護法益之探討(Examining the Legally Protected Goods in Offenses of Insulting Public Officials and Public Offices)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 林政佑
出版日期: 2022.01
刊登出處: 台灣/國立中正大學法學集刊第 74 期/65-125 頁
頁  數: 61 點閱次數: 1237
下載點數: 244 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 中正大學法律學系 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 侮辱公署侮辱公務員傷害原則名譽保護法益
中文摘要: 近年來有倡議廢除刑法第一百四十條侮辱公務員和公署罪的聲浪,本文認為是否廢除之前,應先瞭解該法條形成的過程、其在司法實務上的運作,以及本罪的其保護法益為何。本文首先分析探討刑法第一百四十條的形成過程,可以看到在晚清的大清刑律草案侮辱官吏罪和侮辱公署罪的規定是承襲自日本舊刑法和傳統中國法而來,用以維持身分制的秩序。從立法者原意來看,刑法第一百四十條的保護法益是維護威信。接著,本文觀察本條的司法實務,分析司法實務對本罪的侮辱之概念等構成要件及違法性層次之解釋,由此一方面瞭解實務上發展出不同於立法者原意的公務員或公署之「名譽」論的法益見解,看到司法實務在本條的構成要件解釋上寬嚴有別,影響到人民對於公署或公務員的意見表達,本文認為由於本罪涉及到人民的政治性言論之表達,應就相關要件加以嚴格解釋,避免壓制到人民的言論自由。最後,本文檢視保護法益之兩種見解,以傷害原則與冒犯原則為檢視基準,由此探討本罪存續與否之正當性,結論認為本罪應有刪除之必要。
英文關鍵詞: Insult to a Public OfficialInsult to a Public OfficeHarm PrincipleReputationLegally Protected Good
英文摘要: In recent years, there have been advocates to abolish Article 140 of the Criminal Law of insulting public officials and offices. This article considers whether to abolish it or not as it is essential to understand the process of the formation of the law, its operation in judicial practice, and the protection of legal goods for this crime. This article firstly investigates the formation of Article 140 of the Criminal Law which can be seen in the late Qing Dynasty’s draft of the criminal law. Specifically, provisions and the old criminal law for the crime of insulting officials and the crime of insulting public offices was adopted from Japanese criminal law and the traditional Chinese law to maintain the order of identity system. Although the provisions of the old Japanese criminal law have become the structure of modern law, it is used to maintain the order of hierarchy. Therefore, from the original intention of the legislators, the protection of legal goods in Article 140 of the Criminal Law is to maintain the prestige of public affairs. Furthermore, this article regards individuals’ opinions on the public offices or public servants as their freedom of political communication. Based on this perspective and observations of the judicial practice of this crime, this article examines the two opinions of protecting legal interests with the harm principle and offense principle, discusses the legitimacy of the existence of this crime, and eventually concludes that this crime should be abolished.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、本罪的形成過程
一、身分制的維持
二、傳統中國法的延伸與近代法的變形
參、本條文的司法實務解釋
一、公務員侮辱罪
(一)當場
(二)執行職務
二、職務侮辱罪
三、侮辱公署罪
四、侮辱的認定
(一)感到難堪之程度門檻說
(二)無難堪程度門檻說
五、違法性
肆、本條之合憲性檢視
一、刑法之合憲性審查
二、本條之保護法益
(一)第一種觀點:威信論
(二)第二種觀點:公務員及公署的名譽
三、規範保護目的審查
(一)威信作為保護法益?
(二)名譽作為保護法益?
伍、結論
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
林政佑,刑法第一百四十條侮辱公務員及公署罪之保護法益之探討,國立中正大學法學集刊,第 74 期,65-125 頁,2022年01月。
返回功能列