法學期刊
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論著名稱:
運用跨團隊合作提升門急診 PRN 藥囑完整率(Enhancing the Completeness of Pro Re Nata Medication Prescriptions in Outpatient Care through Interdisciplinary Teamwork)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 楊璦瑜蔡明儒王雅玲沈玫秋王詩涵洪麗雯王邦宇陳旭輝
出版日期: 2023.09
刊登出處: 台灣/醫療品質雜誌第 17 卷 第 5 期/38-47 頁
頁  數: 10 點閱次數: 106
下載點數: 40 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 財團法人醫院評鑑暨醫療品質策進會 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: PRN處方用藥指示PRN藥囑完整率用藥安全
中文摘要: 目的:PRN 藥囑為病人「需要時使用」,不需要常規給與的藥品。若缺乏明確適應症、間隔時間、給藥劑量是潛在的病人安全問題。為提升用藥安全,創建門急診PRN藥囑規範勢在必行。
方法:運用品管圈活動提升門急診 PRN 藥囑完整率,選定四大掌握項目:PRN 處方開立規範、PRN 藥囑輸入介面、人為輸入差異、PRN 藥囑完整性檢核,進而挖掘攻堅點,擬訂方策。目標設定為提升門急診 PRN 藥囑完整率達 92.8%。
結果:改善前門急診 PRN 藥囑完整率為 63.9%,目標值為 92.8%,改善後增加至 93.2%,目標達成率 101.4%,進步率 45.9%。
結論:門急診 PRN 處方的用藥安全議題,除了仰賴資訊界面優化與檢核把關外,也需於新進人員、持續教育中落實宣導提升以內化醫療人員的認知,共同提升醫療品質。
英文關鍵詞: PRN prescriptionsmedication instructionsPRN medication order completenessmedication safetymedication safety
英文摘要: Objective: Pro Re Nata (PRN) medication orders are used for drugs that are to be taken “as needed” by the patient and do not require routine administration. They lack clear indications, intervals, and doses, posing potential safety risks. To enhance medication safety, establishing a standardized outpatient PRN medication order is imperative.
Methods: To improve the completeness rate of PRN prescriptions in outpatient settings, quality control circle activities were employed. Four main areas were selected for intervene: regulations governing PRN prescriptions, software interfaces for entering PRN medication orders, discrepancies in human input, and completeness checks for PRN medication orders. Targeted strategies will then be developed to address these concerns, with an aim to improve the incompleteness rate by 80%.
Results: Prior to the intervention, the completeness rate of PRN medication orders in outpatient emergency cases was 63.9%, with a target rate of 92.8%. After the implementation of improvements, the completeness rate increased to 93.2%, with a target achievement rate of 101.4%, an improvement rate of 45.9%.
Conclusion: In addition to the optimization of the information interface and gatekeeping, the awareness of medical staff, particularly newcomers, should be enhanced, and continuous education should be promoted to enhance the overall quality of medical care.
目  次: 前言
改善方法與過程
結果
標準化與檢討
結論
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
楊璦瑜、蔡明儒、王雅玲、沈玫秋、王詩涵、洪麗雯、王邦宇、陳旭輝,運用跨團隊合作提升門急診 PRN 藥囑完整率,醫療品質雜誌,第 17 卷 第 5 期,38-47 頁,2023年09月。
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