法學期刊
  • 社群分享
論著名稱:
論國軍懲罰制度導入「違失行為一體性原則」(A Studyand Legislative Proposals on the Armed Forces Punishment System Applying the Principle of Oneness of Wrongful Acts)
文獻引用
編著譯者: 林文村
出版日期: 2023.12
刊登出處: 台灣/軍法專刊第 69 卷 第 5 期/25-68 頁
頁  數: 44 點閱次數: 163
下載點數: 176 點 銷售明細: 權利金查詢 變更售價
授 權 者: 軍法專刊社 授權者指定不分配權利金給作者)
關 鍵 詞: 國軍懲罰制度違失行為一體性原則懲罰本質軍事勤務關係懲戒權耗盡
中文摘要: 陸海空軍懲罰法第 7 條第 2 項規定及實務見解認為,一人為數違失行為者,應分別懲罰,可證國軍懲罰之對象乃「違失行為」,而非「人」,此點與公務員懲戒制度所採「違失行為一體性原則」有所不同。但現役軍人為武職公務員,其與國家間形成了軍事勤務關係,此關係即為國軍懲罰目的所欲確保之法益;因此,對於軍人之違失行為施以懲罰,其本質應係對其所有違失行為彰顯之人格瑕疵,一次性的進行整體評價,藉以判斷軍人身分適任性格或應給予一定懲罰訓育、警告措施。現行法與軍人懲罰本質有相扞格之處,進而在法制上應如何調整配合,不無探究之餘地。
英文關鍵詞: A rmed Forces Punishment SystemPrinciple of Oneness of Wrongful ActsNature of Military PunishmentMilitary Service RelationshipDoctrine of Disciplinary Power
英文摘要: According to Article 7 paragraph 2 of the Armed Forces Punishment Act, one person who commits several wrongful acts shall be punished separately for each act committed, which proves that the object of punishment by the national army is “wrongful acts” rather than “personality”. This is different from the “Principle of Oneness of Wrongful Acts” adopted in the Civil Service Discipline system. The Active Service Men are also Civil Servants, and they have formed a military service relationship with the state, and this relationship is the legal interest that the national army must ensure for the purpose of punishment. Therefore, the essence of imposing punishment on the wrongful acts of the Active Service Men should be to conduct a one-time overall evaluation of the personality flaws displayed by all their wrongdoings, so as to judge whether the military personnel's identity is suitable or should be taken certain punishment measures. The contradiction between the current law and the essence of military punishment, and how to adjust and cooperate in legislative policy, is worth studying.
目  次: 壹、前言
貳、德國法「失職行為一體性原則」概述
一、概念
二、懲罰本質
(一)公務員之懲戒
(二)軍人之懲戒
參、我國公務員懲(處)戒採「違失行為一體性原則」的觀點
一、公務員懲戒制度之違失行為一體性原則
(一)公懲會時期
(二)懲戒法院時期
(三)懲戒之本質
二、公務員懲處制度不採違失行為一體性原則
三、小結
肆、國軍懲罰制度本質之現況分析
一、立法沿革的觀察
二、現行法的解釋
三、實務見解分析
(一)行政法院見解
(二)國防部訴願審議會見解
(三)國軍權保會議決書見解
四、小結
伍、導入違失行為一體性原則的法制擬議
一、國軍懲罰本質之應然
二、立法政策形成之必要性
三、法制框架擬議
(一)實體規範之建議
(二)程序規範之建議
四、軍事勤務關係具體化必要性擬議
陸、結論
相關法條:
相關判解:
相關函釋:
相關論著:
林文村,論國軍懲罰制度導入「違失行為一體性原則」,軍法專刊,第 69 卷 第 5 期,25-68 頁,2023年12月。
返回功能列